Cultural Diversity for the Criminal Justice Professional
week 7 Individual
Week 7: Week Seven – Individual Work

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Objectives for this activity:
Assess the relevance of community policing towards all
multicultural communities.

Research a natural or manmade disaster that has occurred in
the United States which required different groups to work with one
another during rescue efforts. What were the positives and negatives of
the response? How could the overall response been handled better? Did a
community policing approach affect these challenges? If so, how? Please
cite your sources.
Your completed assignment should be one – pages,
double-spaced, in a 10-12 point Times Roman font.

Large scale disasters, such as the devastation caused by
Hurricane Katrina and the 9/11 terrorist attacks, require cooperation between
many organizations (law enforcement, emergency services, FEMA, the Red Cross,
etc.) and the general public.
Read Chapter 10, “Multicultural Law Enforcement and
Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Disaster Preparedness,” pages 285-318.
Multicultural Law enforcement roles in terrorism and
homeland security:
In the entire history of crime- fighting and public safety,
law enforcement has never before had a challenge of the scope and complexity
that it faces today with terrorism and homeland security. Today’s terrorists
respect neither law nor comminunity- established practices; they honor neither
law enforcement personnel nor humanitarian –service professionals. Their sole
goal and mission is to inflict maximum casualty, mass destruction, and public
fear, as is highlighted by the following excerpt from an al-Qaida terrorist
manual found in a police raid of a cell member’s home in Manchester, England:

In panel after panel, the same hard truths were expressed
repeatedly: with the events of 9/11, the nation entered a new and sobering era.
9/11 shocked the nation with the chilling realization that forging enemies from
both within and without are bent on destroying our institution, our lives, and
our very civilization. Terrorist crime, through national in scope, is usually
local in execution. In the war on terror, community police will therefore have
to shoulder an increasingly heavy burden. (Bankson, 2003)

Law enforcement knowledge of and responsiveness to local and
regional issues is central to the success in the war on terrorism and homeland
security. Relationships with multicultural local and regional community leaders
will be an essential resource in dealing with preventing terrorism. Law
enforcement personnel have the dual role of protecting the public from acts of
terrorism by those terrorist who may be hiding in multicultural communities in
the United States, and protecting the member of multicultural communities who
may have no ties to terrorists or criminals but are stereotyped, harassed, or
discriminated against because of the biases and prejudices of others. Page 287
Law enforcement officers as first responders to a terrorism
attack confront tremendous challenge, risk, and responsibility. The terrorist
attack or crime scene is complicated by the confusion, panic, and casualty of
the attack as well as any residual effects in the event that Weapons of mass
destruction were used. Moreover, it has been quite typical for terrorists to
deliberately target responders and rescore personnel at the crime scenes.
Terrorists have utilized “secondary devices” to target law enforcement and
other public safety personnel responding to a terrorist’s attack. For example,
in the 1997 bomb attack at an Atlanta abortion clinic, a second bomb went off
approximately one hour after the initial explosion and was very close to the
command post established for the first bomb attack.
Goals for Homeland Security and Disaster Preparedness in
multicultural communities:
Oliver (2007) summarized the process and major steps taken
to develop a national strategy for homeland security by the police, which
include some of the following key research studies and reports:
National Strategy for homeland Security” (
office of Homeland Security, 2002) , which details the broad array of
strategies and issues for the United States
Form Hometown Security to homeland Security”
(IACP,2005) which highlights the role of local police in homeland security and
the best practices” for achieving a national
strategy for homeland security and disaster preparedness
Homeland Security: Best Practices for Local
Government (Kemp, 2003), which identifies best practices from local law
enforcement for homeland security
Protecting your Community from Terrorism :
Strategies for Local Law Enforcement” (Murphy and Plotkin, 2003) , a joint
effort by the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) AND THE OFFICE OF cops,
which provides the insights of national,
state, and local law enforcement leaders on homeland security strategies.

Shusta, R. M. Levine, D.R., (2010. Multicultural
law enforcement: Strategies for peacekeeping in a diverse society. 5th
edition.New Jersey: Pearson.

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