Need an research paper on in what ways can childhood and youth be understood as social constructions. Needs to be 9 pages. Please no plagiarism. In recent times, questions about childhood and its meaning have interested a number of historians with a raging debate on whether or not the reigning idea of childhood is just something constructed in recent centuries with some theorists claiming that the idea of childhood was non-existent to our ancestors. These theorists argue that fit was not until the 1900s that the idea of childhood was invented attributing this to the French author, Philippe Aries through his book L’Enfant et la Vie Familial sous l’Ancien Regime, translated to Centuries of Childhood in 1960s. According to Aries (1962), childhood was an individual transition state around which the whole structure of the family had come to operate with the modern society unit being viewed as constructed around a separate isolated family unit seen to be existing solely to meet the needs of the child. The idea was synonymous with France, Britain, and the United States where modernization of the social structure in compulsory schooling, provided by the government had redefined childhood (Kehily, 2004). Since the Eighties, childhood has been seen as a social position to study alongside established disciplines such as education, history, sociology, and sometimes anthropology. It is noted that Aries extended the first argument that childhood is historically and socially constructed. According to Kehily (2004), the idea of childhood emanated from the middle class as its member’s first advanced laws that limit child labor and promoted education, as well as, the protection of children. The shift of children from economic to emotional contributors was seen to take place among the middle-class boys and would later form the basis of expectations for all children irrespective of the social class, political dispensation, or gender. Thus, child poverty and ill-health are viewed as social problems against which society and&nbsp.stakeholders should join hands to protect children.&nbsp.

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