Review the case studies and fill in a consent of each of the planned procedure:Case Scenario 1 Preoperative Assessment A 45-year-old male with a 25 pack-year history of cigarette smoking is scheduled at 7:00 a.m. for a lung resection to remove a malignant tumor under general anesthesia. He is 5’10”, 250 lbs. (BMI of 35.9) and leads a sedentary lifestyle. His past medical history includes type 1 diabetes mellitus and chronic renal insufficiency. When he arrives in the preoperative unit two hours in advance, he states that his weight has remained constant over the last five years, and that he has been NPO since 10 p.m. last night. Baseline vital signs are assessed, and his blood pressure is 148/90 mmHg. The anesthesia professional determines the patient to be an ASA class III. The patient is taken to the OR as per the scheduled time.  Intraoperative Assessment            Following induction of general anesthesia by the anesthesia professional, the patient is placed in the lateral position with warming blankets over his legs and upper body. The patient maintains normothermia throughout the procedure. His baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) is 148 mmHg and was recorded by the anesthesia professional as low as 135 mmHg during the surgery. The patient’s position remains stationary throughout the four-hour surgical procedure. After removal of the surgical drapes, the patient’s skin appears dry and no moisture is observed by the perioperative team members. The patient is extubated by the anesthesia professional and the patient is transferred to a gurney for transport to the PACU. The estimated blood loss for the procedure is recorded at 200 mL.  Postoperative Assessment            The patient is transported to the PACU and remains in the PACU for one hour before being transferred to the cardiothoracic intensive care unit (CTICU). A chest tube placed intraoperatively is noted to have 50 mL of sanguineous fluid in the collection chamber before the patient was transported to the CTICU. Case Scenario 2 Preoperative Assessment A 75-year-old male patient from a skilled nursing facility is admitted to the hospital for a low anterior bowel resection for an adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon. His past medical history includes type 2 diabetes and inflammatory bowel disease with associated chronic diarrhea. He has been bed-ridden for the last year and presents with a Stage III pressure ulcer on his sacrum. He has not eaten in the last two days due to abdominal pain. He is 5’6″, 175 lbs and his BMI is 28. His weight was ten pounds higher thirty days ago. He arrives in the preoperative unit one hour before the scheduled surgery time and waits an additional 1.5 hours due to an unexpected delay. His baseline blood pressure according to the anesthesia professional was 120/80 mmHg. The anesthesia professional determines the patient to be an ASA class II. Intraoperative Assessment After induction of general anesthesia by the anesthesia professional, the patient is positioned in the lithotomy position. A warming blanket is placed over his upper body. Throughout the surgery his temperature fluctuates between 36.6 and 37.4 C. Intraoperatively the lowest recording of his systolic blood pressure was measured at 90 mmHg. The entire tumor was removed and there were no complications. The surgeon asked for the patient to be positioned in Trendelenburg while the surgery was underway, and the patient was returned to a level position while maintaining a lithotomy position. The estimated blood loss for the procedure was recorded at 300 mL. Two drains were placed. There was a pool of diarrhea under the patient after surgery. The perioperative team members cleaned and dried the patient’s skin before transporting him to the PACU. The total time in the OR suite was 3.5 hours.  Postoperative Assessment While the patient was in the PACU, the drains were emptied of 50 mL serosanguineous fluid and no frank bleeding was noted. His recovery time was one hour; however, the inpatient unit room was not available and his departure from the unit was delayed by 45 minutes.  General Consent For Medical/Surgical Procedures/Interventions Patient Name; Medical Record Number:TO THE MEMBER: You have been given information about your condition and the recommended surgical, medical, or diagnostic procedure(s). This consent form is designed to provide a written confirmation of these discussions. 1. _________________________has explained to me that I have the following condition(s): (Clinician) _______________________________________________________________________ (explain in lay terms) 2. The following procedure/intervention/anesthesia (if any) has been recommended: 3. _______________________________________________________________________ (explain in lay terms) 4. The following have been explained to me about the procedure/intervention/anesthesia (if any): a. Its purpose and nature. b. The potential benefits and risks. c. The likely result if I do not have the recommended procedure/intervention. d. The available alternative treatments and their benefits and risks. 5. The most likely and most serious risks of the procedure(s) are: _________________________________________________________________ 6. I am aware that there may be other risks or complications not discussed that may occur. I also understand that during the course of the proposed procedure, unforeseen conditions may be revealed requiring the performance of additional procedures, and I authorize such procedures to be performed. I acknowledge that no guarantees or promises have been made to me concerning the results of this procedure or any treatment that may be required as a result of this procedure. 7. I understand what has been discussed with me as well as the contents of this form. I have been given the opportunity to ask questions and have received satisfactory answers. If you have not had all of your questions answered to your satisfaction, do not sign this form until you have. 8. I voluntarily consent to the performance of the procedure/intervention/anesthesia (if any) described above by my clinician or those who work with him/her. Patient Signature Date _________________________________________ _________________ Witness Signature Date _________________________________________ _________________ Physician Signature DateHealth ScienceScienceNursing NURSING NUR205

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