Refer to the goals of psychology and describe how a psychologist couldhelp a person with OCD, be sure to address each of the four areas. -DescribeWe describe things every day with no conscious thought or effort, but the describing of psychology has a slightly different meaning than the describing we do in our day-to-day lives. Accurately describing a problem, an issue, or a behavior is the first goal of psychology. Descriptions help psychologists to distinguish between typical and atypical behaviors and gain more accurate understandings of human and animal behaviors and thoughts. A variety of research methods, including case studies, surveys, self-tests, and natural observation allow psychologists to pursue this goal. -ExplainIn addition to describing, psychologists seek to be able to explain behaviors. The goal of explaining is to provide answers to questions about why people react to certain stimuli in certain ways, how various factors impact personalities and mental health, and so on. Psychologists often use experiments, which measure the impacts of variables upon behaviors, to help formulate theories that explain aspects of human and animal behaviors.Many psychologists have developed numerous theories over the past two centuries to explain various human behaviors. Some theories have been debunked or replaced by more recent findings, while others have endured and maintained their acceptanceby the scientific community. Some theories focus on explaining small aspects of human behavior, like Pavlov’s theory of classical conditioning and Bowlby’s attachment theory. Others set out to describe human behavior in its entirety, like Erickson’s eight stages of human development and Freud’s Freudian theory of personality. -PredictMaking predictions about how humans and animals willthink and act is the third goal of psychology. By looking at past observed behavior (describing and explaining), psychologists aim to predict how that behavior may appear again in the future, as well as whether others might exhibit the same behavior.Psychologists can use knowledge gleaned from previous studies to predict why, when, and how observed behaviors might happen in the future. Psychologists can then foresee a pattern of behavior. By being able to predict patterns of behavior, psychologists can better understand the underlying causes of our actions. Prediction, at least in theory, gives psychologists the ability to change or control behavior, the last goal of psychology. -Change / ControlPsychology aims to change, influence, or control behavior to make positive, constructive, meaningful, and lasting changes in people’s lives and to influence their behavior for the better. This is the final and most important goal of psychology. These four goals of psychology arenot that different from how you would naturally interact with others. Suppose, for example, that someone did something they weren’t supposed to do, and this action had a negative impact on their life. You may want to try to help or resolve the issue andthe following questions might naturally run through your mind: -“What happened?” (describing) -“Why did they do that?” (explaining) -“What would happen if they did this?” (predicting) -“What can they do next time to reach a different outcome?” (changing)The main difference between us asking these questions versus a psychologist or mental health professional is the high level of education and training that a psychologist brings into the explaining, predicting, and changing processes. Most people ask these questions on a superficial level, but these trained professionals specialize in finding ways to facilitate lasting positive changes in individuals.Health ScienceScienceNursing PSY 101

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